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 A smart city is conceptualized as a sustainable, inclusive, resilient and prosperous city that promotes a people-centric approach based on three core components—Smart City Foundation, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Smart Institutions and Laws. These three core components are the pillars of the seven dimensions of a smart city: Economic Development, Infrastructure Development, Environmental Sustainability, Social Development, Social Inclusion, Disasters Prevention and Resilience, and Peace and Security.

  • Economic Development  includes City product, Employment,  etc.


  • InfrastructureDevelopment  includes transport, industrial energy, education, health infrastructures, etc.


  • Environment Sustainability  is comprised of elements of energy, transport, building and pollution.


  • Social Inclusion  includes aspects of participation in decision making as well as according all city residents equal opportunities for growth and prosperity.


  • Social Development  encompasses elements of education, health, public space and social capital.


  • Disaster Prevention and Resilience  incorporates elements of mitigation and adaptation to various disasters such as flooding, droughts, storms and earthquakes.


  • Peace and security  covers all forms of violence and conflicts, including domestic violence, violence in public places, crime, armed conflicts, terrorism, etc. An insecure city limits opportunities for investment and economic growth and cannot be a smart city.

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