The urban planning and design component considers sustainable land use practices, ensures inclusive growth, promotes connectivity among various parts of a city, promotes interaction and urban space integration, encourages equitability in service provision among all city residents, and is flexible and adjustable to emerging trends. The general rule for the attainment of a sustainable and productive city is that, it must be inclusive at the onset of the urban planning and promote mixed neighbourhoods where social clustering is discouraged. Having all the poor living together creates slums and fuels instability and insecurity. Inclusive urban planning eases access to basic services (water, sanitation, housing, education and health) and to decent employment for all. Inclusive urban planning also enhances infrastructure development, environmental sustainability, economic and social development; makes cities resilient and prepared to overcome natural disasters. Adequacy of basic infrastructure further promotes interaction, enhances quality of life and is a pre-requisite for the attainment of a healthy human capital. On the other hand, just and inclusive policies regarding land use attract investments to a city. Collectively, all these components create a suitable environment for productivity at both the city level, and in turn, promote economic development. Understanding a city’s core foundations is thus the key to solving recurrent urban challenges and unlocking the potential of cities for sustainable growth. The attainment of the sustainable city foundation calls for pro-active approaches to urban development, in which short, medium and long term development is well anticipated and aligned to the city’s development goals, through accurate data and modelling. The approach however also recognizes that various unforeseen occurrences call for time to time changes in the urban development model, and in doing so creates the proper legal and institutional setups to allow for such changes to be made.
sustainable City Foundation index
A sustainable city foundation is the collective of the core physical and policy components that a city is built upon, and without which it cannot function. The key elements of a sustainable city foundation include urban planning (sustainable and inclusive land use) and design, basic infrastructure (connection to water and sewerage facilities, storm water drainage, solid waste management and electricity) and policies (particularly institutions and laws on land tenure). Each of these components complement each other and jointly create a functional and productive city. The degree of provision of these three core elements, their quality and their interlinkage defines how well a city functions (as a spatial and as a socio-economic and political entity); how much time its citizens spend on economically productive activities; how its population is involved in planning and policy making;, and in turn, the city’s level of and potential for productivity and economic development.
A sustainable, inclusive and prosperous city expands multimodal transport systems with sidewalks and bicycle paths, ensures eco-efficiency of infrastructural systems, and supports density through integrated infrastructure development, thereby enhancing efficiency and access. In addition to accommodating all kinds of users (pedestrians, cyclists, motorists), prosperous streets promote connections to services that contribute to good health and productivity, such as clean water, sewerage facilities, drainage systems, power supply, and information and communication technologies. Streets that provide space only to motorists are characterized by congestion and high CO² emissions.